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Professional Education

  • Doctor of Chiropractic, Palmer College of Chiropractic-West, Sunnyvale, CA: 1981


Professional Experience

  • Owner, private practice in Chico, CA: March 2003 to present.

  • Owner, private practice for 21 years at Fremont Chiropractic Group-Chirosport: 1982-02.

  • Co-Owner Physiotech physical therapy and rehab clinic: 1987-91.

  • Instructor in Chiropractic Clinical Sciences at Life College of Chiropractic-West, San Lorenzo, CA: 1982-1987.

  • Research Associate Gonstead Clinical Studies Society: 1989-92.

  • Seminar Instructor for Continuing Education-CA State Board of Chiropractic Examiners: 1989-91, 1995, 2000-02, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015.

  • Seminar Instructor for Continuing Education-WA State Board of Chiropractic Examiners: 2012.

  • Preceptor Instructor for Palmer University of Chiropractic-West extern program: 1994-98

  • Independent Disability Evaluator and Qualified Medical Examiner: 2000 to 2021

  • Chairman of Research Committee and Research Associate, Gonstead Clinical Studies Society: 2008 to present.


International Instructor

  • Continuing education instructor for Anglo European Chiropractic College, Bournemouth England: 2001, 2002, 2008, 2011.

  • Netherlands Chiropractic Association: Educational seminar for relicensing chiropractors 2015.



       Textbook of Clinical Chiropractic (Co-Author and Associate Editor). Williams and Wilkins.        1993.


Published Articles

  • Response to “Forces of Commonly Used Chiropractic Techniques for Children: A Review of the Literature” J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2017;40(3):214-215.​

  • Exploratory Evaluation of the Effect of Axial Rotation, Focal Film Distance Changes and Measurement Methods on the Magnitude of Projected Retrolisthesis on Plain Film Radiographs. J Chiropr Med. 2014 Dec; 13(4): 247–259.

  • Paraspinal skin temperature assessment rating incongruent with the data from studies. Commentary on: Review of Methods Used by Chiropractors to Determine the Site for Applying Manipulation. J Chiro and Manual Ther: 2013-11-27 04:00.

  • History or Science: The Controversy over Chiropractic Spinography. Chiropractic History 2013; 33(1) 

  • Computer Modeling of Selected Projectional Factors of the 84-in Focal Film Distance Anteroposterior Full Spine Radiograph Compared With 40-in Focal Film Distance Sectional Views. J Chiropr Med. 2011 Mar;10(1):18-24.

  • Chiropractic Spine Care for the Athlete. Topics in Clinical Chiropractic: 1997;4(2):9-26.

  • Inter-examiner reliability of a galvanic skin response instrument. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1993;16:453-459.

  • The Inter- and Intra-examiner Reliability of a Paraspinal Skin Temperature Differential Instrument. J Manipulative Physiol Ther: 1991;14:361-7.

  • The Knee Chest Table-Indications and Contradictions. J Chiropractic Technique: 1990;2:163-7.

  • Proceedings of the Conference on Research and Education: 6/91:61-4• Leg Length Inequality and the Gonstead Technique.

  • Skin Temperature Assessment and the Gonstead Technique. Proceedings of the Conference on Research and Education: 6/91:189-92.

  • Closed Reduction of the Lumbar Retrolithesis: A Report of Two Cases. Proceedings of the 1991 International Conference on Spinal Manipulation: 110-6.

  • AHCPR Guidelines: Implications for Chiropractic Use of Plain X-Rays. Dynamic Chiropractic April 10, 1995, Vol. 13, Issue 08.


Professional Associations

  • California Chiropractic Association

  • Gonstead Clinical Study Society

I decided at a very young age...
that I wanted to be a dentist. Fast forward to my freshman year in college. I realized I didn't like going to the dentist and wasn't enjoying the curriulum leading in that direction. I confided in my biology lab partner regarding my carreer conundrum and he said he was going to be a chiropractor and that I should consider it. After class, I shared that conversation with a good friend who said his girlfriend just started working for a chiropractor and he would connect me with him.
During that carreer oriented consult with the chiropractor, he suggested I try chiropractic  to see if I liked it. I told him I had a problem with neck pain. He asked me if I had ever had headaches. My answer: "Just the normal headaches." That's the first time I learned it wasn't normal for me to get headaches.
I had injured my neck playing football my freshman year in high school and my neck was never the same afterward.. I had stiffness and headaches frequently. Remarkably after just a couple of neck adjustments my headaches went away! My neck improved dramatically with a course of care.
If it wasn't for my friend connecting me with the chiropractor, I may not be where I am today with the most rewarding job I could imagine. I couldn't see myself doing anything else. This is my dream job.
You are that friend that can connect others to chiropractic care. Just like me, they need that referral. Please pay it forward by connecting others to chiropractic care just as someone did for you.
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